Information Copper IndonesiaThis page was made because of the increasing inpuut of copper ore concentrate from Indonesia to copper smelter Norddeutsche Affinerie, Hamburg, Germany.
Production Data NA according to last three Business Reports
The following news compiled by and received from
Down to Earth - The International Campaign for Ecological Justice in Indonesia,Main Office:
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Down to Earth works with Indonesian NGOs and community groups striving for a socially just and environmentally sound future by increasing international awareness of their struggles. We speak and read English and Bahasa Indonesia. Down to Earth produces a quarterly newsletter in English and updates on International Financial Institutions. For subscription rates, please contact DtE's Main Office. An rtf version (in English) and translations of selected articles (dlm BI) are available by email. DtE is a project of APPEN.
Some recent news items about Newmont's Batu Hijau mine are attached below. You will find some articles in English about this operation in the Down to Earth newsletter (see website adress below - it has a 'search' facility). You can probably get more from the Indonesian mining network JATAM - contact firstname.lastname@example.org. Also look at JATAM's website (Http://www.jatam.org) for some of the papers and the outcomes of the April 2001 conference on STD. And see Roger Moody's book 'Into the Unknown' (available from email@example.com) if you have not already done so.
Seabed Tailings DisposalIn brief, companies argue that STD is safe if it is dumped deep on the sea bed where there is little or no marine life and the cold, dense water does not carry waste up to the surface. Indonesian marine scientists and oceanographers present very convincing evidence that:
In addition to the pollution issue, (which the local fisherfolk are very concerned about, saying that local fish catches have already fallen dramatically), Newmont's Batu Hijau operation involves issues of land rights and disruption of the social structure/local culture.The local community is relatively small, very poor, scattered in a number of villages far from the provincial capital. People there are not well-educated, do not have access to phone/email and have little ongoing support from local NGOs. So bear this in mind if the company says 'there are no complaints'! I have translated (first item below) the statement of a local man who bravely made a statement at last year's Indonesian STD conference expressing his community's concerns.
Statements from Local Communities - Press Review
THE PEOPLE OF TONGO SEJORONG(one of the communities threatened by Newmont Nusa Tenggara's Batu Hijau mine in Sumbawa, Indonesia)
by Jabir HMS
To the people of Tongo Sejorong, the sea is their livelihood. The association between the community and the sea is very strong. The sea near Senunu (off Rantung beach) is a fishing ground which is the community's main source of nutritious food. There we catch various types of fish, squid, octopus and shellfish. In addition, fishing is important to the local economy. Fish spry and certain shellfish are caught for sale. The green turtle lays its eggs on the beach at Rantung and these provide some income for local people. People are also connected to the sea through our culture. The sea is a place for traditional festivals (Baunyali) where we gather to share our thoughts and to pray that the sea will remain productive and continue to support coastal communities. The people of Tongo Sejorong who suffer the impact of tailings disposal in Senunu Bay (Rantung) are heavily dependent on the sea for their future, especially the coastal community where people generally work as fisherfolk. The disposal of mining waste into the sea has had an enormous impact. Before PT NNT (Newmont) started operations, one fisherman could catch fish worth at least Rp30,000 in a day (NB* then twice the minimum wage in a factory/mine). Since the pollution, the incomes of fisherfolk have fallen to a very low level. This is a drastic change. The public should know that it is not only the fish we eat which have decreased in numbers, but the species we depend on for our incomes have also gone i.e. the fish fry and shellfish (mata tujuh). We are very worried because the part of the tailings pipe which is on land has leaked several times. We have seen the effects are highly dangerous on land - all the plants around the leakage were completely dead. So we are even more concerned that such incidents could happen underwater and kill off the marine life. We therefore hope the conference will urge PT NNT and the government to stop disposing mining waste in the sea and find some other way of getting rid of it. If there isn't one or if it endanges the environment, PT NNT should be closed down.
Petromindo, Saturday, May 05, 2001
Lombok fishermen charge Newmont of harassmentFishermen living near the mining site of PT Newmont Nusa Tenggara in East Lombok accused the gold and copper mining company of harassment, Bali Pos reported on Friday. In a meeting with the local regent, the fishermen complained that they were treated like criminals when they were seized recently by a security team comprising of Newmont officials and the local police for fishing in sea areas located near Newmont operation. The fishermen said that they were not only chased but also interrogated. Some of the fishermen's belongings were also searched before being released, the daily said. The fishermen also questioned the local administration about status of the sea located near the Newmont sites. "We really could not accept if Newmont is allowed to control the sea, which is one of most lucrative fishing areas in the location," one the fishermen told the regent. Petromindo, Thursday, June 21, 2001 Ministry promises to shut down polluting mining firms Newmont Nusa Tenggara defended against pollution charges The government would not hesitate to shut down mining companies which cause pollution provided that there are valid evidences for the accusation, director general of geology and mineral resources at the ministry of energy and mineral resources Wimpy S. Tjetjep said. Wimpy said the problem thus far was that there was no "qualitative" data to support the pollution charges launched against many mining companies. "If there are qualitative data and are recognized by the environmental experts, why don't we just follow them. We have to see if the mining operation bring more benefits or more destruction," Wimpy was quoted by online news provider Astaga.Com as saying on Wednesday after the ceremony to hand over mining data to the West Nusa Tenggara provincial administration in the provincial capital of Mataram. He acknowledged that many parties, including non-governmental organizations, talked about the impacts of mining waste, but they had no supporting data that could be used by the government to take actions against the mining companies. Speaking on the tailing disposed by copper and gold mining company PT Newmont Nusa Tenggara, Wimpie said the company disposed its tailing four kilometers under the sea level, where no biota live. The disposal of tailing into the sea, Wimpie said, had not caused much toxic waste, but the more important was that there should be qualitative data to support any claim that the tailing disposal caused any pollution. "If we have to be fair, the farming activities have caused more pollution, especially from fertilizers as they contain dangerous substance, but the fertilizers are needed by the farmers," he said. Therefore, he called on all parties to see things proportionally, including the problem of tailing. If the mining activities in West Nusa Tenggara brought more benefits, then the controversy over issue of tailing should be minimized. "If necessary, we can ask the people's opinion, whether they accept mining operation in their areas or not, so that there would be no more controversies, because there are many parties claiming that mining operation have produced only waste, but they do not have the valid data," he said. Newmont Nusa Tenggara, which is the subsidiary of the United States-based Newmont Corp, operates a huge copper and gold mine in Batu Hijau, Sumbawa Island.
Petromindo, Thursday, July 12, 2001
Newmont sued by resident over land disputeA resident of the West Nusatenggara province has filed a lawsuit against mining firm PT Newmont Nusa Tenggara (NNT) at the Sumbawa Besar District Court for allegedly taking over his land, Bali-based Bali Post daily reported Thursday. The resident identified as Jhony Hartono claimed the mining company had illegally appropriated some of his land in Buin Batu, Sengkongkong district, Sumbawa Regency. He said that he initially bought 50.78 acres of land from a man named Mansur for Rp 1.5 million on August 1, 1996. But then, after being measured, he discovered that the size of his land was only 30.36 acres. He suspected that the 10.27 acres had been taken over by NNT. "Without my knowledge the company had seized the land. In addition, a 97-meter long hedge has also been appropriated," Jhony told the daily on Wednesday. Jhony was demanding Rp 107.75 million (US$=Rp 11,300) in compensation, considering that the 10.27 acres of land had been occupied by NNT since 1997. NNT public relations manager Anton Susanto said that Newmont had always abided by regulations and would continue to do so. He said he believed that the suit would be settled legally. NNT has appointed lawyer IGB Made Arnaya to represent it in the court battle.
Petromindo, July 20, 2001
Newmont expects strong Q2 results for Batu Hijau mineDenver based mining firm Newmont Mining Corporation announced Friday it expected the second quarter of this year to be the lowest production quarter for the year due to short-term changes in the mine production schedule at Yanacocha in Peru and reduced throughput due to annual roaster maintenance shutdown at the Nevada operations. The company's statement said that for the second quarter of 2001, Newmont had lower than anticipated gold sales of 1.22 million ounces resulting in a higher total cash cost of US$194 per ounce. In the 2000-quarter, gold sales totaled 1.28 million ounces at a total cash cost of US$173 per ounce. Newmont, however is upbeat on second quarter results of its Batu Hijau copper-gold mine in Sumbawa, West Nusa Tenggara. "The second quarter will be our lowest production quarter of the year. This operating performance will adversely impact our financial results for the second quarter. However, our Batu Hijau copper-gold mine in Indonesia will report strong operating and financial results despite the weak copper price environment," said Wayne Murdy, Newmonts's president and CEO. According to Newmont, full results for all properties and financial statements for the Company for the second quarter and six months will be released, on August 2, 2001. Petromindo, October 3, 2001 Newmont keeping eye on Batu Hijau mine after attacks US based miner Newmont Mining Corp has developed contingency plans to protect its Batu Hijau copper and gold mine in Sumbawa Island, West Nusa Tenggara in case anti-U.S. violence erupts in the aftermath of the Sept. 11 attacks in the United States, Chief Executive Officer Wayne Murdy was quoted by Reuters as saying Tuesday. Asked at the Denver Gold Group's Mining Investment Forum if Newmont, one of the biggest gold producers in the world, was concerned about its Indonesia operations, Murdy said "You bet. We're very concerned." Immediately after the Sept. 11 attacks and the suspected links to Osama bin Laden, Newmont's general manager for Indonesia Tom Enos met with community and religious leaders near the Batu Hijau mine, Murdy said. "We are concerned about our relationship with the local population," Murdy said, adding "Newmont has made a concerted effort to improve the living conditions of the mine workers and upgrade the standard of living."
Received from Joyo Indonesian News
The Jakarta Post Wednesday, December 19, 2001
Newmont denies role in toxic waste tradeFitri Wulandari, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta
West Nusa Tenggara-based copper mining firm PT Newmont Nusa Tenggara has denied allegations that it is involved in illegally trading toxic waste, particularly used oil. Anton Susanto, an executive of the company, said that his company had never been involved in any such illegal activity. "Our company always manages used oil and other toxic waste from mining activities according to the regulations. We always follow the procedures stipulated in regulations regarding the storage and collection of toxic waste," he said in a statement made available to The Jakarta Post recently. Anton was responding to allegations made by an executive of the West Nusa Tenggara chapter of the Indonesian Forum for the Environment (WALHI-NTB) last month. Bambang F. Mei, Walhi-NTB regional executive, said that based on investigations, reports from informed sources and scientific analyses, the company had engaged in the illegal trade of toxic wastes, such as used oil and diesel fuel. "We have received reports about irregularities in toxic waste handling procedures, including allegations of (involvement in) the toxic waste trade," Bambang told reporters in the provincial capital Mataram last week as quoted by Antara. According to Bambang, Newmont sold used oil to a toxic waste collection company, UD Sumber Anyar, for Rp 200 to Rp 500 per liter. Each month, Bambang said, Newmont produced 100 to 150 tons of used oil. Newmont contracted UD Sumber to transport its used oil and toxic waste to its treatment facilities from October 1999 to September 2000. Bambang said that what Newmont had done was in violation of the 1997 Environmental Management Law No. 23, which stipulates that toxic waste must not be traded. Anton confirmed that Newmont had engaged UD Sumber Anyar to transport used oil to treatment facilities. But while UD Sumber Anyar had paid for some of the oil received, the amount was far less than the cost to Newmont of transporting the used oil from the mine site, Anton said. Walhi-NTB also alleged that Newmont had hired a new contractor without a proper permit to transport its toxic waste after the contract with UD Sumber Anyar expired. Bambang said that, after its contract with UD Sumber Anyar had ceased, Newmont hired PT Caltex Oil Indonesia to transport its toxic waste. PT Caltex, according to him, did not have the relevant permit from the central board of the Environmental Impact Control Agency (Bapedal), the local Bapedal office or the directorate general of petroleum and gas. Later, and still without the permit, PT Caltex cooperated with a shipping company, PT Meratus, in Surabaya, East Java to sell toxic waste, he said, adding that PT Meratus did not have a license to transport and distribute toxic waste. "There is a mutually beneficial collaboration between the three companies. Newmont in a legal and ethical sense is considered accountable for violating toxic waste treatment procedures," Bambang said. Anton said that Newmont had always hired authorized contractors to transport its used petroleum products to a licensed used oil recycling facility in Surabaya or to a permitted waste treatment facility in Bogor, West Java. "The transport of used oil from the mine site to the facilities is conducted under the authority of Bapedal and the directorate general of sea transportation," he said. Anton also said the choice of PT Meratus to transport used products was a business decision and had been conducted in accordance with the laws and regulations.
Indonesia Receives US$3.9 MLN in Royalties From US Mining FirmJAKARTA, Feb 15 Asia Pulse/Antara
The Indonesian goverment has received US$3.9 million in royalties from PT Newmont Nusa Tenggara (PT NNT), the US mining company said. NNT said in a press release Thursday that US$3.57 million of the payment was royalties for copper concentrate and the rest for gold and silver. It said with the payment on Jan. 31, the company, which operates under a working contract in West Nusatenggara, it has paid a total of US$31.39 million in royalties to the government since 1999.
End "Down to Earth"
THE MINERAL INDUSTRY OF INDONESIA ó1999
U.S.GEOLOGICAL SURVEY MINERALS YEARBOOK ó1999
Freeport (Grasberg)PT Freeport Indonesia Co.(PT-FI),81.28%owned by Freeport McMoRan Copper &Gold Inc.of the United States, agreed to raise its royalty payments to the Indonesian Government in return for the authority to double the production capacity of its copper ore to 300,000 metric tons per day (t/d)at its copper-gold Grasberg Mine,West Papua,previously known as Irian Jaya.For copper,the royalty would increase to 100%, and for gold and silver,it would go up to 200%based on production above 200,000 t/d.A fourth concentrator mill was commissioned to increase Grasberg ís ore throughput capacity to 240,000 t/d.The mill was part of a $960 million expansion plan that included a $350 million coal-fired powerplant.The expansion gave Rio Tinto Ltd.an opportunity to participate in mine development.Rio Tinto secured the right to acquire a 40%interest in approved future expansion of the mill facilities by providing $750 million for such expansion.In 1999,PT-FI milled an average 220,700 t/d.The average ore contained 1.12%of Cu,1.37 grams per metric ton (g/t)Au,and 2.78 g/t Ag.The recovery rates were 84.6%for Cu,83.7%for Au,and 63.4%for Ag (Asian Journal of Mining,1999j;Engineering & Mining Journal,2000b;Northern Miner,2000).In 1999, Montgomery Watson,Inc.,an environmental consulting and auditing firm,audited PT-FT ís environmental management systems,including tailings management.Although the auditors found that PT-FT had fulfilled its environmental commitments and requirements,they recommended that PT-FT install a comprehensive ground-water and biological monitoring system to estimate the impact of the downstream tailings deposition area to mollusk communities and to develop effective and innovative technology for the treatment of acidic rock drainage (Engineering &Mining Journal,2000a)
Newmont HijauThe Batu Hijau copper and gold mine in Sumbawa Island, West Nusa Tenggara was put into operation in late 1999. PT Newmont Nusa Tenggara was established by Newmont Gold Mining Co.of the United States (45%),Sumitomo Corp.of Japan (35%),and PT Pukuafu Indah (20%)to develop and operate the $1.9 billion project permitted under a fourth generation COW signed in 1986.The mine had reserves of 4.77 Mt of copper and 330 metric tons (t)of gold.The facility had the capacity to process 120,000 t/d of ore to produce 700,000 t/yr of concentrates that contained 272,000 t of copper and 13.4 t of gold.About 400,000 t of copper concentrates would be exported to Japan.LG-Nikko Copper Inc.of the Republic of Korea signed a long-term contract to buy an average of 150,000 t/yr of copper concentrates from Batu Hijau (Asian Journal of Mining,1999g;U.S.Embassy,Jakarta, Indonesia,[undated ],Recent economic reports óIndonesian mining sector update for August,accessed November 17,1999, at URL http://www.usembassyjakarta.org/econ/miningaug. html).
Production Indonesia, t Cu (Mining figures represent only Freeport, since Newport started in 1999)
verurteilt den Mord an Theys H. EluayÖffentliche Stellungnahme
12. November 2001 ai-index ASA 21/052/2001 12/11/2001
12 November 2001
Indonesia: Amnesty International condemns the killing of Papuan independence leaderhttp://web.amnesty.org/802568F7005C4453/print/ASA210522001?OpenDocument
For more information please call Amnesty International's press office in
London, UK, on +44 20 7413 5566
Amnesty International, 1 Easton St., London WC1X 0DW web :
Kritische Aktionäre - Critical Shareholdershttp://www.kritischeaktionaere.de/norddeutsche_affi.html
Mineral Policy Institutewww.mpi.org.au
JATAM (Jaringan Advokasi Tambang) - Mining Advocacy Network
Newmont Nusa Tenggara
Batu Hijau, SumbawaNewmont Nusa Tenggara (NNT) is Newmont's only full-fledged copper mine. NNT is owned 45% by Newmont Mining Corporation, 35% by Sumitomo Corporation from Japan and 20% by Pukuafu Indah from Indonesia. NNT began mining copper along with gold and silver in Sumbawa in 1999. NNT was originally granted a mining license for an area that constituted 50 % of the West Nusa Tenggara province. After exploration, NNT limited its mining area to 17 % of the entire province.
The NNT site, also known as Newmont Batu Hijau, is an open-pit mine and the mining operation covers 116,900 hectares. The mine is expected to last for approximately 20 years. American, Japanese, and German finance institutions among others have provided billion dollar financing for NNT.
NNT operates two open pit mines, Air Merah and Tongoloka. The Tongoloka open pit mine already has reached a depth of 3000 meters. To lessen operational and production costs, NNT announced it will increase its production of gold by 40% and copper by 20% in April 2001. In 2000, NNT produced approximately 280,000 ounces of gold and 495 million pounds of copper. In 2001, according to NNT president Tom Enos, "production levels will reach 400,000 ounces of gold and 600 million pounds of copper. " The NNT site contains reserves of approximately 10 billion pounds of copper and 11 million ounces of gold (6 April 2001 PT NNT Akan Tingkatkan Produksi Emas 40 Persen MinergyNews.Com, Mataram). Submarine Tailings Disposal
Large quantities of rock must be mined to obtain the small amounts of copper, gold and silver that are inside the rock. At NNT, only one truckload of minerals is sold for every 3 truckloads of rock processed. The other two truckloads are waste rock. For every ton of rock processed, NNT is able to obtain 5.25 kilograms of copper, 0.37 grams of gold and lesser amounts silver (NNT documents, 2001). After the copper, gold and silver are mined from the Batu Hijau mine, the metals are then separated from the rock at the concentrator. At the concentrator, the ore is mixed with seawater and put into a large grinder called a SAG mill. It grinds the rock into small stones. The small stones then flow to another grinder called the Ball Mill. It grinds the stones into fine sand particles. This water and sand mixture is called slurry. The slurry is then pumped into tanks where reagents are added. While Newmont's other Indonesian mine, Newmont Minahasa Raya uses cyanide in its processing of ore, NNT uses a series of reagents. The reagents allow the slurry to foam and bubble when air is pumped into the tanks (NNT documents, 2001). This allows the finely ground metals in the slurry to attach to the bubbles and float to the top while the waste rock sinks to the bottom of the tanks. NNT claims that the tailings are not dangerous because cyanide is not used in the processing of ore. Waste rock or tailings on the bottom of the tanks are transported by a pipe 3.2 kilometers from shore into Senunu Bay near Sejorong, at more than 100 meters below sea level into a deep ocean trench over 3000 meters deep. NNT has been dumping as much as 120,000 tons of wastes each day into Senunu Bay since December 1999. This amounts to 43.8 million tons per year.
In May 2001, NNT held a seminar on "Submarine Tailing Placement (STP)" in Mataram, Lombok. NNT sent in so-called STD experts and consultants from Indonesia and Canada who have a long history of endorsing STD, to promote the use of this waste disposal method in Sumbawa.
Furthermore, local people were not properly involved in the Environmental Impact Analysis (EIA) that was carried out. The people are concerned that they will be poisoned, developed cancer or mental illness as a result of contamination from the heavy metals and chemical elements in the waste. Walhi NTB has demanded that the government carry out an environmental audit on NNT mine, meaning that the government should check the results of NNT's own EIA. "It is clear that this system is destroying the environment," said Yulianto, Walhi NTB Advocacy and Development Coordinator (Dari Tongo ke Kruwak: Melihat dampak Pertambangan Newmont Nusa Tenggara, JATAM, 2001). Before NNT came to Sumbawa, catching fish was easy and villagers caught more fish than needed. They sold their surplus in the local markets but since NNT began pumping tailings into the bay, the fish population has declined drastically and is insufficient for local need. Also Senunu Bay was a healthy green turtle spawning area but no longer as the community has a very difficult time to find any turtle eggs around Rantung coast. Some fish species have also disappeared. Also the site of waste disposal to the south is known for strong currents and the ocean floor has experienced seismic activity in the past. Thus increasing the danger that wastes are being dispersed at further distances.
NNT also has polluted the ocean that is culturally significant for the community. The ocean is the place of indigenous celebration and a place of gathering to share and pray that the ocean will continue to share its benefits with the community (Jabir HMS. Tongo Sejorong Community. Presented at International Submarine Tailings Conference, April 2001). In May 2000, a local NGO reported the collapse of a dam containing waste mud from NNT's drilling operations. As a result, a wave of mud flowed downriver and covered the surrounding farmland. Meanwhile, the tailings pipes have ruptured several times from October 2000 to January 2001. The ruptures have occurred on land, killing the grass around the vicinity of the spill and changing the colors of the land and grass to brown and a creamy color. On January 25, 2001, the tailing pipe broke but the company has so far not recognized this and in February 2001, as much as 21 barrels or 4.684 liters of diesel oil spilled and polluted the ecosystem of the Benete Bay, the fishermen have since been unable to catch any fish.
Walhi NTB has been given information from some diving guides that some diving locations in Lombok and Bali seas have been polluted with NNT tailings. Coastal corals, especially blue corals have been destroyed or have changed color from blue to brown. This has been evident in some highly frequented tourist areas namely the Gili Islands and some regions of Bali (28 Mei 2001. Laut Lombok & Bali Diduga Telah Dicemari Tailing Newmont Nusa Tenggara. MinergyNews.Com, Mataram).
Indonesian Minister of Environment Sonny Keraf declared on May 22, 2001 in a Government House of Representative meeting in Jakarta, that his ministry has yet to issue a permit for tailing disposal at Newmont Minahasa Raya and PT Newmont Nusa Tenggara Batu Hijau. "There is no permit for them as of today," the Minister declared. The Minister told the House Representatives that his ministry was still examining the data and information. The local communities in both regions have been protesting the practice of submarine tailings disposal. This method of disposal has had deleterious effects on many marine creatures, including certain species of fish and coral reefs. The Environment Minister, who is also the chairman of Environmental Impact Controlling Body has also ordered NMR to make an Ecological Risk Assessment of the STD site before he will make a decision to issue a permit for STD for NMR. In NNT, the Environment Minister has said that his ministry was still examining the detoxification process used by NNT. With the recent decentralization of Indonesian government and the regional autonomy, the Minister recognized that regional governments may try to exploit the natural resources in their area to boost their economies, but he also pointed out that uncontrolled exploitation could lead to serious problems for the whole country (Minister does not issue permit yet for tailing disposal. Indonesian Observer, May 23, 2001).
Community Concerns & Actions
Thirty farmers' lands were taken over by NNT for the STD pipeline alone. Just the opening of the green lush forest destroyed over a thousand hectares of protected forests, the habitat of wild animals as well as many plants with medicinal properties. The project area was the former habitat for as much as 8 protected tree species, 87 species of wild animals, 39 species of birds, 2 reptilian species including a turtle species. All these species mentioned are protected species under Indonesian government guidelines.
The Tongo-Serjorong River has also became muddy and polluted. NNT's heavy water use has caused springs and wells to dry up thus leaving communities without an adequate drinking water supply. The irrigation system at Buin Batu Sekongkang is no longer efficient for community farming.
Before NNT, the community depended on farming and fishing as a source of their livelihood. The communities have suffered a drastic loss of livelihood because NNT has destroyed all their natural resources they have depended upon for generations. For example, before NNT, the Tongo community made a living on palm sugar. The minimal income from palm sugar was Rp. 30.000/day. Tongo became Sumbawa's center for palm sugar . The palm tree forests have been accessed by the community for generations. Families owned up to a hundred palm trees. They processed palm sugar on these lands as well. Unfortunately, the community did not own certificates for the palm tree lands, they only have palm tree production certificates from the local government industrial department. Since NNT entered the community they can no longer gain access to their palm trees. NNT and the government have declared this area a "national protected forest." NNT has provided inadequate land compensation for these lands. For more than 200 productive palm trees, the people were only compensated with money ranging from as little as Rp. 300,000 to Rp.1 million. Besides losing access to palm trees, the community has lost access to rattan, honey, bamboo and other resources that they made a sustenance living from. NNT security workers wearing "911" badges on their shirts ensure the community does not access the land. The company guards prohibit the community from entering the forests (Dari Tongo ke Kruwak: Melihat dampak Pertambangan Newmont Nusa Tenggara, JATAM, 2001).
Benete Bay is the NNT's port site and where NNT's mineral concentrate is shipped outside. The heavy sea transportation here has also had an impact on the marine organisms and caused fish to migrate from here and made it extremely difficult for fishermen to land their boats and in some cases fishermen's boats have flipped over due to the propeller-powered boats of NNT (Dampak Tailing terhadap Ekosistem Pesisir dan Kelautan, Yani Sagaroa, LOH).
The women of the community have been severely impacted. Their spouse's loss of income has put additional pressures on the women to work harder and supplement for their spouse's lost income contribution to the family. Also on the Rantung coast along Senunu Bay, young milkfish and other fish have disappeared that used to be the women's main source of livelihood. Now they are left with nowhere to turn for supplement income since Newmont does not hire women at their mine. This has forced some women into marriage or if their husbands do not pass the medical tests to work at the Newmont mine, they have been forced to marry again.
NNT has changed the cultural landscape as well. The town of Maluk has been filled with shops, salons and bars. It is here that many NNT workers reside. Prostitution, alcoholism, gambling and higher incidences of crime have rocked this area as a result of the development of NNT. The contract wife has also arisen as common in most large-scale mining operations. These marriages between local community women and foreign workers last for as long as the work contract lasts, posing several future problems.
NNT has also practiced discriminatory hiring practices and has paid discriminatory wages. NNT has broken their promise of giving 60% of its employment opportunities to the local community. 13,000 local residents applied for these jobs but NNT only hired 600 of them and then did not contact them. The residents protested and blockaded a road for 3 days until NNT promised to start training these workers. Yet again, NNT failed to keep its promise. Foreign NNT employees are able to pay higher prices for goods and sellers have been refusing to sell their goods to local residents, waiting for a higher bidder.
On October 10, 1999, the Sumbawa community met with Newmont officials to table their concerns. The community was dissatisfied with the company's lack of responsiveness and then staged a demonstration three days later. The community demanded that NNT improve water supply, monitor its waste and disclose information on mining impacts to the people. Military and police thugs acting on behalf of the company's elite security force brutally wounded the protestors. Twelve protestors were wounded, five by gunfire. The security is meant to intimidate the residents into relinquishing their lands and to frighten residents from protesting against environmental degradation, economic destabilization and many broken promises.
The Kruwak Community Alliance(AMAK) is an alliance of 6 coastal communities, Tanjung Luar, Batu Nampar, Teruwak, Sukaraja, Pijot and Pemangkongm, who have felt the impacts of NNT's mining. The communities are united in their position that NNT has seriously disturbed their fishing grounds. Thus having devastating effects on their livelihood. According to AMAK, NNT has been spreading false information that "Tailings are Safe Wastes" and have been socializing in 21 fisher communities along East and West Lombok, the center of fisheries in West Nusa Tenggara (Dampak Tailing terhadap Ekosistem Pesisir dan Kelautan, Yani Sagaroa, LOH).
The communities have staged numerous demonstrations. On March 14th and 21st, the community staged demonstrations in Sumbawa rejecting NNT. On April 4, 2001, the people demonstrated at NNT's seminar in Lombok. The relationship is not harmonious between NNT and the community as illustrated by the NNT mining area being bombed several times. On June 28, 2001, a landowner Jhoni Hartono filed a civil lawsuit against NNT for illegally taking over land that he had recently purchased from a local community member. He had bought 5,780 square meters in August of 1996 but to his dismay Newmont confiscated 1275 square meters of that total in 1997. The first trial was set to take place on July 9, 2001 (Gusur Tanah Orang Lain, PT NNT Kembali Digugat, LOH, 10 Juli 2001 and 12 Juli 2001 Serobot Tanah Warga, PT NNT Diperkarakan ke PN Sumbawa Besar. MinergyNews.Com, Lombok).
From Kompas, 1 December 2001
PT Newmont Nusa Tenggara (NNT), a gold and copper exploration company based at Batu Hijau, Sumbawa District, Sumbawa, West Nusa Tenggara, has been charged in violation of their dangerous and toxic (B3) waste management procedures, including used oil. These were traded, although the company has duty free facilities. "According to the regulations, oil, diesel, and car batteries are used for significant activties and those categorized as waste cannot be used for economic benefit again. Because of this, those materials are duty-free. But what has been going on is opposite to the regulations, and therefore is a violation," stated Bambang Mei from Walhi NTB, Wednesday (26/11) in Mataram.
PT NNT was contacted via their Superintendant of Media Relations, Iradati Fuad last Wednesday and has so far failed to respond because he must asked for information from the company's authorities. Iradati promised to give a written response on Thursday, however this is not for certain.
"I think a response can be given tomorrow morning (this Saturday), " stated Iradati when he was contacted again, last Friday, concerning the issue of a response from PT NTT.
The Chief of the Local Environmental Impact Control Agency (BAPEDALDA) NTB Drs HA Wahab Yasin stated, there is yet to be concrete data if this oil has been sold or not. However, he agreed that these materials are classified as B3 Wastes and are prohibited from being traded. According to Wahab, used oil owned by PT NNT was brought to PT Agip Oil Lumbrido in Pasurunan, East Java. Those materials were then processed again as raw material for oil. Actually, UD Sumber Anyar Mataram and PT Sidomulyo Patuk Pulo, Sidoarjo, recieved recommendation from BAPEDALDA NTB for the last two years as storage and collector. "However, since last May, BAPEDALDA NTB has yet to recieve an activity report from UD Sumber Anyar, " stated Wahab.
It was then disclosed that PT NTT broke their contract with UD Sumber Anyar in September 2000 and they stated they had contracted a new company. But, BAPEDALDA NTB up to late November 2001, had yet to recieve an official response as to the name of this company that has replaced the former company. "Our monitoring in the area is to prevent used oils coming from PT NTT from being misused, because this disadvantages the consumer," stated Wahab. (rul) ===========================================================================
From Kompas 3 December 2001
The gold and copper mining company, PT Newmont Nusa Tenggara (NNT), has acknowledged their company has sold used oil to UD Sumber Anyar. However, this company has only paid for some of the oil recieved and this is less than the transportation processing costs for used oil from PT NTT's exploration project area, Batu Hijau, Sumbawa District, Sumbawa, West Nusa Tenggara (NTB).
In a written response from PT NTT and signed by Public Relations Manager, Anton Susanto, recieved by Kompas in Mataram, on Saturday (1/12), the company responded to the accusations of trading of toxic and dangerous (B3) waste, including used lubricants.
PT NTT stated that the company has strived to followed regulations and laws, including following the procedures regarding B3 wastes. Like Governmental Regulation (PP) No. 01/Bapedal/09/1995 regarding Procedure and Storage and Collection Technical Requirements that have been agreed by the Environmental Impact Control Agency (BAPEDAL) Decree No. 68/27, June 2001.
PT NTT also stated the use of a company that possesses a license to transport used oil products from Sumbawa to the processing plant in Surabaya, or the plant that handles development and processing of waste in Bogor.
After UD Sumber Anyar, PT NTT contracted another company that also owns a license to transport used oil products. It has not been touched on whether the products traded included used oil of a B3 waste category and whether the oil that was imported was via PT Caltex Indonesia that have duty free facilities.
Before this, Bambang Mei from Walhi NTB accused the traded oil products were in violation of B3 waste management and procedures, considering that the oil products were used by PT NTT to obtain the duty-free facilities. (Kompas, 1/12) (rul)